That New-New (Part Three) |
In order to make this more discernable to the minds, let me state that it is my view that those who censure this division only censure the division of innovation as defined in the Sacred Law; the proof for this being that they divide innovation into religious and worldly innovation and consider that a necessity. Those who hold the view (that innovation) is divided into that which is praiseworthy and blameworthy see that this is only with regard to the linguistic innovation because they say, “Adding and increasing upon the religion and the Sacred Law is misguidance and an enormous sin.” There is no doubt with them concerning this, therefore, the difference is only semantical.
Having said this, I would like to say, however, that those among our brothers who deny the division of innovation into that which is praiseworthy and blameworthy, and rather say it is divided into that which is religious and worldly—they were not fortunate in being precise in their expression. This is because once they ruled that the religious innovation is misguidance—which is true—and then ruled that the worldly innovation is neutral, they were wrong in their ruling because by this, they judged that every worldly innovation is permissible. This is a very dangerous matter that can bring about tribulations and problems. Hence, it is necessary and obligatory that there be some detail to this issue. They should instead say, “From the worldly innovation, there are matters that are good, and matters that are bad.” This is something that is witnessed by all currently, and none deny it save a blind, ignorant person. This addition must be mentioned.
A sufficient actualization of this meaning is found in the precise statement of the one who says; “Innovation is divided into that which is praiseworthy and blameworthy.” It is known that this is referring to the linguistic innovation, which those who deny this refer to as worldly (innovation). This statement is at the peak of precision and scrupulousness and calls for every new matter to be categorized according to the proper guidelines and submission to the rule of Sacred Law and the maxims of the religion. This forces the Muslims to present every new and invented matter in both their public and private worldly lives in front of the Sacred Law of Islām in order to see the ruling of Islām in it no matter what that innovation is. This cannot be properly actualized without this great division that is given proper consideration among the scholars of the theoretical basis of jurisprudence [uṣūluᵓ-fiqh]. So, may Allāh ﷻ be pleased with the Imāms of uṣūl and their delineation of the correct expressions that lead to correct meanings without deficiency, alteration, or false interpretation.
al-Muḥaddith Shaykh as-Sharīf as-Sayyid Muḥammad al-Ḥasan ibn ʿAlawī ibn ʿAbbās ibn ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz al-Mālikī al-Ḥasanī al-Idrīsī al-Makkī |
“Notions That Must Be Corrected [Mafāhīm yajib ʾan tuṣaḥḥa]” (trans. ARB-ENG, Suraqah Abdul-Aziz); ©2010 Sunni Publications